Instructions for authors

The journal Geriatrics, Gerontology and Aging is a quarterly scientific publication by Brazilian Geriatrics and Gerontology Society aiming the publication of articles on Geriatrics and Gerontology, including their several subareas and interfaces. GGA accepts article submissions in Portuguese, English (preferably), and Spanish. The print content is available for SBGG members and the online content can be accessed at:


Manuscript Evaluation by Peer Review

Manuscripts that regard the editorial policy and the instructions for authors will be referred to editors who will evaluate the scientific merit. Manuscripts will be submitted to at least two reviewers with expertise in the addressed theme. Accepted manuscripts might return for authors' approval in case of changes made for editorial and standardization purposes, according to the journal style. Manuscripts not accepted will not be returned, unless they are requested by the respective authors within three months. The copyright of the published manuscripts are held by the journal. Therefore, full or partial reproduction in other journals or translation into another language is not authorized.

Categories of Manuscripts

To maximize the number of pages that can be published and yet maintain high quality, there are strict limits on the total number of a) text words, b) graphics (tables, figures and appendices combined), and c) references. Authors should carefully read the instructions on abstract format and the limits on the length of the submission based on total text words, number of graphics, and number of references. FAILURE TO ADHERE TO THESE GUIDELINES AND LIMITS WILL RESULT IN REJECTION OF THE PAPER.

The journal Geriatrics, Gerontology and Aging accepts the following submissions: Editorials; Brief Reports; Special Articles; Letters to the Editor; Case Reports; Original articles (Research Studies); Review Articles and Systematic Reviews; Thesis Summary; and, Opinions.

Editorials. Editorials are invited comments on a specific paper published in the Journal. Occasionally, opinions or commentary by qualified and respected individuals on a highly relevant topic or controversial issue pertinent to aging will be published in this section at the discretion of the editor in chief.

Original Articles. These are reports of investigator-initiated research that presents new information. Information that is already available in textbooks or as common knowledge will not be considered for review. The subject matter can be very broad as long as it is relevant to aging conditions in humans. To improve the quality of reporting randomized, controlled trials (RCTs), it is recommended that authors adhere to the CONSORT (Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials) statement, which consists of a checklist and flow diagram that authors can use to report RCTs. Text words: 2.000 a 4.000 words, excluding tables, figures, and references. The maximum number of tables and figures is five. References: maximum of 30. The structure should be Introduction, Methods, Results, Discussion and Conclusion. All

clinical trials must be registered at an appropriate online public registry. View a list of acceptable registries on the ICMJE website ( The name of the database stands and/or Clinical Trial number must be placed at the end of the abstract section.

Reviews and Systematic Reviews. We are particularly interested in reviews of any whole field or aspect of geriatric medicine or gerontology that is of relevance to our mainly clinical readership. These should be authoritative and identify any gaps in our knowledge or understanding. Systematic Reviews must contain a brief section entitled "Search strategy and selection criteria." This should state clearly: the sources (databases, journal or book reference lists, etc) of the material covered, and the criteria used to include or exclude studies - for example, English language only or studies conducted after a specific date. Maximum 5000 words, 50 references, 250 word structured abstract, 4 tables OR figures.

Brief Reports. A shorter article which should report original findings. Brief Communication may contain no more than 1 table or figure, a maximum of 1600 words and 20 references and a structured abstract with 250 words. Short Reports include an abstract and are fully citable. Authors of longer articles may be invited to re-submit a shorter version of their manuscript for publication in this section. Those including original data may be sent for peer review.

Special Articles. Reports of meetings, task force, or committee activities; guidelines and position statements by the Brazilian Geriatrics and Gerontology Society; and other topics relevant to aging but not conforming to any of the Journal's existing sections.

Letters to the Editor. Letters to the Editor should be brief. One type of letter is an objective, constructive, and educational critique of a previously published article in GAA (Comments/Responses); these should be submitted within 3 months after publication of the original paper. The editorial office may submit letters critiquing a paper published in GGA to the authors of the paper, who will be given 1 month to reply to the critique. The letter and the reply will usually be published in tandem. Other letters may discuss matters of general interest to physicians involved in the care of older patients, interesting clinical or research findings, or brief commentary on any aspect of aging as it relates to humans. The maximum is 1.000 words, with 5 to 10 references.

Case Reports: Clinically interesting cases should be written in a maximum of 900 words (plus 125 word abstract) with no more than 1 figure or table and maximum of 20 references. Case reports should be of conditions that provide new insight, describe rare but modifiable disorders or present new treatments or understanding. Case reports are usually peer-reviewed. The structure: Abstract, Objective, Case description, Investigations, Differential diagnosis and Comments. It is not necessary ethical submission requirements, but only Patient or legal representant participant consent.

Thesis Summary. Reproduction of abstracts from theses or master's dissertations..

Opinions. Should be 800 to 1.600 words (with or without figures/tables) and maximum of 10 references.


Instructions for Manuscript Preparation

Manuscripts should be typed in Word for Windows [(including tables), figures should be supplied as JPG file and a minimum of 300dpi resolution]. Manuscripts should be prepared according to the sequence below:

  • paper full title in Portuguese and English not exceeding 90 characters,
  • paper short title not exceeding 40 characters (spaces included) in Portuguese and English,
  • authors' and coauthors' complete name, indicating institutional affiliations for each one of them;
  • corresponding author data, including name, address, telephone and fax numbers, and e-mail.

    It must be submitted with the following parts and sequence:

    Abstract: All manuscripts should be submitted with an abstract in Portuguese (or Spanish) and in English having no more than 150 to 250 words. For original articles and brief communications, abstracts should be structured to include objective, methods, results, and conclusions. For other manuscript categories, abstract models could be narrative, but rather carrying the same information. Abstracts should not contain quotations and abbreviations. At least three and at most six keywords should accompany the Abstracts being extracted from the vocabulary in Descritores em Ciências da Saúde (DeCS - when accompanying abstracts in Portuguese and from Medical Subject Headings - MeSH (http //www.nlm nih gov/mesh/) when accompanying abstracts in English. If no descriptor is available to cover the manuscript theme, words or expressions of known usage might be indicated. Text: except for Review Articles, papers should assume formal structure of a scientific text:

  • Introduction- the introduction should contain updated literature review, being appropriate to the theme, suitable to the problem introduced, and enhancing the theme relevance. The introduction should not be extensive, but define the problem studied, synthesizing its importance and stressing the knowledge gaps addressed in the article.
  • Methods- This section should have clear and brief description of proceedings adopted, sampling, data source and selection criteria, measurement instruments, statistical analysis, among other features.
  • Results- This section should be limited to describing the results found without including interpretation and comparison. Whenever possible, results should be displayed in tables or figures designed to be self-explanatory and having statistical analysis.
  • Discussion- The discussion should properly and objectively explore the results, discussed in the light of further observation already registered in literature. It Is important to point out the study limitations. The discussion should culminate by conclusions indicating avenues for new research or implications for professional practice.
  • Conclusion: No more than 2 paragraphs.
  • Acknowledgement: Acknowledgments may be written in a no more than 3-line paragraph towards institutes or individuals that effectively contributed to the paper.
  • Conflict of interests:

    Conflict of interest includes:

    a) financial conflict such as employment, professional liaisons, funding, consulting, ownership, profit or patent sharing related to marketed products or technology involved in the manuscript;

    b) personal conflict: close relatedness to owners and employers in companies connected to marketed products or technology involved in the manuscript;

    c) potential conflict: situations or circumstances that could be considered capable of influencing the result interpretation.

  • References: Should be listed at the end of the manuscript and numbered in the order they are first mentioned in the text, following Vancouver style ("Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals Writing and Editing for Medical Publication" [http://www.icmje org]). List all authors up to 6; if more than six, list the first 6 followed by et al. The titles of journals should be abbreviated according to style used in Med-Line. Authors are responsible for the accuracy and completeness of references consulted and cited in the text.
  • Examples of appropriate reference style:

    "The climate is also a determining factor in the temporal and geographical distribution of arthropods.1"


    Kane RL, Ouslander JG, Abrass IB. Essentials of clinical geriatrics. 5th ed. New York: McGraw Hill, 2004.

    Book chapters

    Sayeg MA. Breves considerações sobre planejamento em saúde do idoso. In: Menezes AK, editor. Caminhos do envelhecer. Rio de Janeiro: Revinter/SBGG; 1994. p. 25-8.

    Journal articles

    Ouslander JG. Urinary incontinence in the elderly West J Med 1981; 135(2):482-91.Essays and thesesMarutinho AF. Alterações clínicas e eletrocardiográficas em pacientes idosos portadores de Doença de Chagas [dissertação]. São Paulo: Universidade Federal da SBGG; 2003.

    Papers introduced in congress, symposiums, meetings, seminars etc.

    Peterson R, Grundman M, Thomas R, Thai L. Donepezil and vitamin E as treatments for mild cognitive impairment. In: Annals of the 9th International Conference on Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorders; 2004 July; United States, Philadelphia; 2004. Abstract 01-05-05.

    Articles from electronic journals

    Araújo MAS, Nakatani AYK, Silva LB, Bachion MM. Perfil do ido-so atendido por um programa de saúde da família em Aparecida de Goiânia - GO. Revista da UFG [periódico eletrônico] 2003 [citado em 2012 Set 15];5(2). Disponível em: re-vista_ufg/idoso/perfil.html

    Texts in electronic format

    Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística. Estatísticas de saúde: assistência médico-sanitária. (Acessado em: 5/2/2004)More SS. Factors in the emergence of infectious diseases. (Acessado em: 5/6/1996)

    Tables or Figures:

    Tables (as well as Figures and Appendices) should appear after the References section and not in the body of the text or as a separate document. Number all tables with Arabic numbers consecutively in order of appearance. Type each table double-spaced on a separate page. Title should have the first letter of each word as upper case (except prepositions, conjunctions and articles). Every table must have a caption typed above the tabular material. Symbols for units should be used only in column headings. Every column must have a description or heading. Do not use internal horizontal or vertical lines; place horizontal lines between table caption and column headings, under column headings, and at the bottom of the table (above the footnotes, if any). Do not submit tables as photographs. Indicate normal range for instruments or scales. All abbreviations used in tables must be spelled out as footnotes.

    Figures should appear after the References section and either before or after tables, but not as a separate document. Legends for figures should be presented in numerical order on a separate page(s), not on or below the figure. All abbreviations must be spelled out on the figure legend. Indicate normal range for instruments or scales. Original artwork or figures may be requested upon acceptance of the manuscript for publication and will not be returned. Figures should be in black and white.

    Research involving human subjects

    Articles related to research involving human subjects should indicate whether the procedures were followed in accordance with the ethical standards of the responsible committee on human experimentation (institutional or regional) accredited by the Comissão Nacional de Ética em Pesquisa do Ministério da Saúde (Health Ministry National Research Ethics Committee). In addition, a clear statement of compliance with ethical principles outlined in the Helsinki Declaration (2000) shall appear in the last paragraph of "Methods" section, as well as fulfillment of specific requirements of the nation the research was performed in. The subjects included in the research should have signed a "Free and Informed Consent Term".


    Manuscript Subimission

    Papers should be sent in: Before sending your manuscript, please check if all the items established under "Instruction for Manuscript Sending" have been fulfilled.

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