Studies indicate a greater propensity of elderly to falls and the knowledge of the variables related to functional capabilities important in detecting and preventing these events.
OBJECTIVE: To compare and to associate the variables cardiorespiratory capacity and level of physical activity among falling and non falling elders in the community.
METHODS: Transversal descriptive study. Sample of 56 elders of the community, with age average 7,34 years. Were used: Falls Inquiry to discriminate against the elderly in fallers or non-fallers, Human Activity Profile (HAP) to identify the level of physical activity and maximal exercise test to assess cardiorespiratory fitness. Statistical analysis performed by non-parametric test, adopting a level of significance of 5%.
RESULTS: A frequency of community-dwelling falling elders, amongst that they had told fall, the majority was identified fell two times or more, used criterion to discriminate against the aged in fallers or non-fallers. It did not have difference in the Human Activity Profile being and in the cardiorespiratory performance it enters the groups of aged fallers and non fallers. There was a relationship between age, physical activity level and cardiorespiratory capacity.
CONCLUSION: Between the falling elders it has a lesser percentage of aged assets of what in non falling elders. Although there, were not identified significant difference in the level of physical activity and the cardiorespiratory performance between these groups what it indicates that other components of the functional capacity of the aged one can be related with the frequency of falls.
Keywords: Elder people, falls, cardiorespiratory capacity, aerobic capacity, physical activity level.
OBJECTIVES: Visual deficit is often associated to morbidity and mortality in older adults, leading to falls, physical incapacity, difficulty in activities of daily living and depression. The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between age, visual acuity measurement in older adults with cataract and functional performance obtained from Timed Up and Go (TUG) Test.
METHODS: A transversal observational study was carried out. There were evaluated 99 older adults of both genders, with mean-age of 71 years (± 6,69).
RESULTS: Even though the TUG time increased with increasing age, there was not observed a correlation between the level of visual acuity and the functional performance (right eye, p = 0,212; left eye, p = 0,066).
CONCLUSION: It is already known that a good visual function is represented not only by the visual acuity, but also by adequate contrast sensitivity and visual clarity, satisfactory depth perception and color discrimination and wide peripheral visual field. Therefore, the measurement of visual acuity alone could not be suitable to indicate a correlation between vision and mobility.
Keywords: Elderly, functional performance, balance, mobility, visual acuity.
OBJECTIVE: To verify the perception of the long-term care facility managers of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, regarding the elderly residents' physical activity and its importance.
METHODS: The data collection was made through a questionnaire elaborated for this study and answered by 44 institutions coordinators. For analyzing the results it was used descriptive statistics and association among variables using the chi-square test with p < 0.05.
RESULTS: The average age of the coordinators is 43.37 years. Regarding the education level: 4 have completed middle school (9%), 21 have completed high school (47.8%) and 19 have majored in some different areas (43.2%). The physical activity is stimulated in 41 of the institutions (93.2%) and the ones responsible for the activities orientation are physical educators - 14(25.5%); physical therapists - 29(52.7%) and 12 other area professionals. It was observed that 43(97.7%) of the coordinators consider that these activities must be oriented by Physical Educators. All of them consider that physical activity is very important for the elderly: 25(56.8%) cited aerobics activity, 9(20.5%) - flexibility - 6(13.6%) strength and 4(9.1%) chose balance. The reasons for the activity importance are the physical health improvement for 31 of the applicants (47%), social health for 9 of them (3.6%), mental health for 13(19.7%) and life quality for 13(19.7%).
CONCLUSIONS: The data collected suggest that the physical activity is generally stimulated in the long-term institutions. However, it is possibly not being made in its totality, demanding, therefore, for better programs with better technical supervision.
Keywords: Aged, long-term institutions for elderly people, elderly population health, motor activity, geriatrics, epidemiology.
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity has contributed to the prevention of complications in mental health elderly.
OBJECTIVE: To investigate graduate programs that present, as lines of research and teaching, the relationship between mental health and physical activity in elderly.
METHODS: A descriptive and exploratory study, which presents as indicators the inclusion of both disciplines and research lines in graduate programs on Physical Education, Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy and Gerontology. Thirty graduate courses (stricto sensu) in Brazil, all of them recognized and recommended by the Ministry of Education. The disciplines, lines of research and publications, which contained their description "mental health", "physical activity" and "aging" were selected.
RESULTS: The disciplines comprising the subjects physical activities and aging were found in the following states: five universities in the State of São Paulo, a discipline in the State of Minas Gerais and the Federal District. Only two disciplines included "mental health", "physical activity" and "aging". One in the State of São Paulo and another in the State of Rio de Janeiro.
CONCLUSION: Despite the Brazilian population growing older and the increased concern on issues related to quality of life in the elderly - including the need to preserve the physical and mental health - only few graduate programs on Physical Education, Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy are offering disciplines or comprising research/publications on mental health, physical activity and aging.
Keywords: Exercise, elderly, health, research lines, geriatry.
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the participation of symbolic aspect of elder's nutrition, who have alimentary restriction.
METHOD: This qualitative research applied the methodological resource the analysis of oral reports. Study carried out with 10 people 60 years of age or older with alimentary restriction, residing en Brasília. Semi-structured interviews were recorded, then analyzed using the ALCESTE software.
RESULTS: Four themes were identified in the material collected from the aged: the experience of the disease; the confrontation between old and new eating habits; the food and its relations; the feeding restrictions.
CONCLUSION: This study has shown that symbolic aspects of food are connected with the experiences lived by elderly persons. Through food, they revive their history and return to the past. Food is impregnated with affection, pleasure, happiness and sociability. Through this study it becomes clear that food has a symbolic content that must be know and interpreted by professionals acting in the area of Geriatrics and Gerontology.
Keywords: Food, nutritional restrictions, aged, symbolism.
INTRODUCTION: Old age keeps the psychological need for an ongoing sexual activity. Due to the prejudices, the elderly face difficulties related to sexuality. People this age are intimidated to move away from sex, in which the initiatives represent a risk of frustration.
METHOD: This is a study of a qualitative and quantitative, descriptive, held in a service area of Vale do Paraíba, SP, in order to raise the economic profile, thought and prejudice about the sex of the elderly who participated in the Friendship Center Aging (ICC).
RESULTS: The highest concentration of elderly were female (70.45%), over 69 years, literate, with a monthly income of up to one minimum wage, retired, widowed, with three or more children. Most physical activity performed at least twice a week. In relation to sexual activity, 70.45% stated that they had sex, the rest said practice at least once a week and of these, 53.84% reported not having multiple partners. All elderly practitioners of sex proved to be heterosexual and not use any type of medication related to impotence.
CONCLUSION: The women learned to be submissive to men, having sex as an obligation of marriage or just to leave. Now with men can be concluded that they do not admit the loss of sexual vitality and try to hide that no longer have the physical stamina of old.
Keywords: Elderly, sexuality, social center and leisure.